In order to improve the economy, reunite families, and help refugees, the federal department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) releases a new immigration levels plan each year.

This article will take you through the country's latest 2023-2025 immigration levels plan.

So, let's start without further ado. First, let's understand why Canada needs immigrants.

Why Does Canada Need Immigrants?

According to statistics, the country has one of the world's oldest populations and the lowest birth rates. As a result, it always feels under economic and fiscal pressure due to low rates of the young labor force and economic growth.

And this modest economic growth prevents the Canadian government from raising taxes to support its social spending on free services, such as education, health care, etc., and provide high living standards for the people.

That's why Canada has been increasing its immigration levels since the late 1980s to boost its population, labor force, and economic growth. Canada now depends on immigration for most of its population, labor force growth, and a larger share of its financial growth.

As aforementioned, the Canadian immigration minister, Sean Fraser, tables a new levels plan on or before November 1. The last immigration levels plan was tabled in February for 2022-2024.

Let's now understand the Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025 next.

Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025 - An Overview

While floating the new immigration levels plan, Sean Fraser said that the country would aim to acknowledge half a million, or a total of 1.45 million new permanent residents over three years by 2025 in all immigration categories.

Here are the actual figures as given by the immigration minister.

• 465,000 immigrants in 2023

• 485,000 immigrants in 2024

• 500,000 immigrants in 2025

As you can see from the above table, the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) will admit the highest number of permanent residents, per the Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025.

Besides PNPs, the government will also boost regional immigration programs as they are equally crucial for the country's growth.

Surprisingly, this is unique from what usually happens every year. Typically, the Federal High Skilled (FHS) category—which includes programs managed by the Express Entry system—brings in the most newcomer permanent residents to attend to the acute labor shortages, such as health care, manufacturing, building trades, and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math.)

According to the 2022 immigration targets, IRCC admitted around 83,500 new permanent residents through the PNP program and merely 55,900 through Express Entry.

This was the first time since IRCC implemented the Express Entry system in 2015.

Note: IRCC aims for 4.4% of all permanent residents outside Quebec to be Francophone by 2023.


“Last year, we welcomed the most newcomers in a single year in our history. This year’s immigration levels plan will help businesses find the workers they need, set Canada on a path that will contribute to our long-term success, and allow us to make good on key commitments to vulnerable people fleeing violence, war, and persecution.”

 – The Honorable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship (IRCC)

"Canada's Building Trades Unions are pleased with today's announcement to increase immigration levels in Canada. Historically it has been through immigration that we have been able to grow our workforce, fill our union halls and build Canada’s infrastructure. Increased economic immigration is an important step in addressing labor availability across the country. We look forward to continuing to work closely with Minister Fraser and the federal government to find the solutions we need going forward."

– Sean Strickland, Executive Director of Canada's Building Trades Union (CBTU)

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