Bridging visas in Australia are just transient visas which license you to stay in Australia for a specific timeframe. For the most part, bridging visas follow the termination of your present substantive visa, for example, a Student Visa, while waiting for an application for another substantive visa to be processed.   Bridging visas can be allowed in the accompanying conditions:  
  • Your original visa has lapsed and you are waiting for the application of a substantive visa to be finalized;
  • You have applied to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal of a decision on a visa refusal or visa cancellation;
  • There is a court appeal on a decision about your visa that you are waiting for;
  • You have requested for a Ministerial Intervention; and
  • You have been an unlawful non-native and are making arrangements to leave Australia deliberately.
                                                                                              There are six bridging visa types that all have marginally various privileges appended to them. By and large, your migration before being conceded a bridging visa will influence the Bridging visa type you are allowed and the rights which are attached to the bridging visa.  

Types of Australian bridging visas

  1. Bridging Visa A subclass 010 (BVA)   The Bridging Visa A or BVA is allowed when you make an application for a visa while you are in Australia and presently the holder of a legitimate visa. The Bridging Visa A enables you to stay in Australia after the expiry of your substantive visa while you are waiting for a decision.   In conditions where you are in Australia as the holder of a Bridging Visa A and your visa application has been refused, you have 28 days to depart from Australia. In case you appeal the decision to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal, your Bridging Visa A will be automatically extended to enable the Tribunal to make a decision.   Under the Migration Act 1958 and the Migration Regulations 1994, a Bridging Visa A qualifies you to travel anywhere in Australia however you cannot depart from Australia and then come back. In case you wish to venture out abroad and come back to Australia while waiting for a decision on your visa application, you ought to apply for a Bridging Visa B.   The Bridging Visa A additionally enables the holder to dwell in Australia and gives the holder work and study permissions dependent on the substantive visa they previously held. For instance, in the event that you held a Student Visa at the time you applied for a different substantive visa while in Australia, you will be conceded a Bridging Visa A with the same work as well as study circumstances as your Student Visa.   The conditions where you are qualified for a Bridging Visa A is as follows:
  • You must be in Australia when you apply for a substantive visa while you hold a substantive visa. The substantive visa application works as an application for the Bridging Visa A in case you meet this prerequisite; and
  • The visa you applied for is one that can be allowed in Australia. This implies it is not a prerequisite for you to depart from Australia before the visa can be granted; or
  • You made an application for a visa in Australia and that visa application has been refused however you have appealed that decision in the statutory time limits.
  2. Bridging Visa B subclass 020 (BVB)   A Bridging Visa B or BVB is a bridging visa which awards the holder a privilege to travel. Bridging Visas B accompany a 'travel expert' and 'travel period' which means you have the authorization to go outside Australia and return if it is inside the timeframe expressed on the bridging visa grant notice   A Bridging Visa B can be conceded in the conditions where you presently hold a Bridging Visa A or B and it is in actuality or will be at the time of your planned travel. Applications are made to the Department of Home Affairs in person and at the time of writing, the fee is $140.00.   When the travel period comes to an end and you have come back to Australia, the Bridging Visa B acts like the Bridging Visa A – it gives you the authorization to reside, work and study in Australia. Just the individuals who hold a Bridging Visa Aor a Bridging Visa B are qualified to apply for a Bridging Visa B.

  3. Bridging Visa C subclass 030 (BVC)   A Bridging Visa C or BVC is accessible to you when you intentionally hold up an application for a substantive visa while you are unlawfully in Australia. This kind of bridging visa is allowed in the event that you don't hold a substantive visa and have then turned out to be unlawful before applying for another visa.   Under the Migration Act 1958 and Migration Regulations 1994, the Bridging Visa C does not allow you to come back to Australia in case you choose to depart the nation before the decision of your substantive visa application is made. You can't make a difference for a Bridging Visa B for consent to travel in case you hold a Bridging Visa C.   In case you are a holder of Bridging Visa C and it has been allowed with a condition that disallows you from working, you can apply to have this condition removed. As there are no avenues to appeal a decision granting a bridging visa with adverse conditions, the procedure requires applying for another Bridging Visa C without the work disallowance appended to it.   Applying for a Bridging Visa C which does not have the work condition requires showing that you have a convincing need to work. This regularly requires exhibiting that you are or would be in monetary hardship in case you were not permitted to lawfully work.

  4. Bridging (Prospective Applicant) Visas subclasses 040 and 041 (BVD)   Bridging (Prospective Applicant) Visas can be conceded to you when you are going to wind up unlawful and you have tried to lodge a substantive visa application however the application was invalid. You can apply for the bridging visa to permit you five days to lodge a legitimate application.   Bridging (Prospective Applicant) Visas don't accompany work entitlements. You additionally can't have any significant bearing for consent to travel or a Bridging Visa B to go outside of Australia and return.   To be qualified for a Bridging (Prospective Applicant) Visa you should be an unlawful non-resident or you will wind up unlawful inside three business days of your application for the bridging visa. You have made a genuine attempt to make a legitimate application for a substantive visa and you will be capable of lodging a valid application for a substantive visa in five working days.

  5. Bridging Visa E subclass 050 and 051 (BVE)   Bridging Visas E or BVE are commonly conceded to non-natives to enable them to stay in Australia legally. They are typically conceded to non-natives when they have been identified as unlawful and to furnish them with time to depart from Australia voluntarily. This typically happens when a decision has been made to cancel a visa under section 116 of the Migration Act 1958.   Bridging Visas E are additionally allowed as an approach to stay in Australia while you make an application for a substantive visa, wait for a decision by a court on an appeal or trust that Ministerial Intervention will concede you a visa. Bridging Visas E are additionally conceded in case you have applied for a protection visa.   A Bridging Visa E accompanies specific conditions. They are normally allowed with reporting conditions, requiring the visa holder to report to a Department of Home Affairs' office occasionally. The visa additionally accompanies 'no work' plus 'no study ' conditions. These conditions can be got rid of with an application for another Bridging Visa E accompanied with entries clarifying why work or study rights ought to be granted.

  6. Bridging Visa F subclass 060 (BVF)   A Bridging Visa F can be allowed to you in case you are an individual important to police in Australia concerning serious commonwealth offenses including trafficking, sexual bondage, or deceptive recruiting. This visa will enable the holder to stay in Australia until the earliest date determined by the Minister. Generally, this is 30 days from the award or until the Minister advises that you are never again an individual important to the police.   A 'no work' condition is forced on Bridging Visas F.   Important things you need to take note of with regard to bridging visas:  
  1. Bridging visas are transitory visas and are not delegated substantive visas. This implies they just enable an individual to stay in Australia until their next visa application is processed or a progressing immigration matter is settled.
  2. Depending on your status and circumstance in Australia, there are five kinds of bridging visas you might be given:
  3. Bridging Visa A (BVA)
  4. Bridging Visa B (BVB)
  5. Bridging Visa C (BVC)
  6. Bridging Visa E (BVE)
  7. Bridging Visa F (BVF)
  8. BVA holders are not permitted to go outside of Australia except if they apply for a BVB.
  9. A BVE will have a travel ban attached to it once you leave Australia. The thing to comprehend about BVE is that you might be prohibited from returning to Australia for 3-10 years.
  10. Those on a bridging visa need to comprehend the sort they are on just as the prohibitive conditions attached to them, especially with regards to work. It ought to be noticed that not every person on a BVA will be permitted to work. The individuals who are not allowed to work ought to have the option to demonstrate money related hardship so as to be conceded authorization to do as such.